Listen to pronunciation. (EK-zeh-muh) A group of conditions in which the skin becomes inflamed, forms blisters, and becomes crusty, thick, and scaly. Eczema causes burning and itching, and may occur over a long period of time.
What is the main cause of eczema?
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is caused by a combination of immune system activation, genetics, environmental triggers and stress. Your immune system. If you have eczema, your immune system overreacts to small irritants or allergens. This overreaction can inflame your skin.
What is this word eczema?
: a skin disease in which the skin is red and itchy and has scaly or crusty patches. eczema. noun. ec·ze·ma | ig-ˈzē-mə , ˈeg-zə-mə , ˈek-sə-
What dermatitis means?
Dermatitis is a general term that describes a common skin irritation. It has many causes and forms and usually involves itchy, dry skin or a rash. Or it might cause the skin to blister, ooze, crust or flake off.
How do eczema look like?
Atopic dermatitis appears as red, inflamed patches of skin, often on the face, neck or hands, but it can also be found in other areas, like behind your knees and inside your elbows. The skin can also look brownish-gray in color, and feel bumpy or scaly. The skin is often cracked too.
What is the best treatment for eczema?
OTC hydrocortisone is often the first thing doctors recommend to treat mild eczema. You may need different strengths of these steroids, depending on where and how bad your rash is. For example, a doctor may prescribe a more potent one for thick, scaly skin.
What is the best eczema cream?
The Best Treatments for Eczema, According to Dermatologists
- Vanicream Moisturizing Cream. …
- CeraVe Moisturizing Cream. …
- CeraVe Healing Ointment. …
- Aquaphor Healing Ointment. …
- Aveeno Eczema Therapy Itch Relief Balm. …
- Cetaphil Baby Eczema Soothing Lotion with Colloidal Oatmeal.
Can eczema be itchy?
Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a condition that makes your skin red and itchy. It’s common in children but can occur at any age. Atopic dermatitis is long lasting (chronic) and tends to flare periodically. It may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever.
Is eczema an allergy?
Most types of eczema are not allergies. But the disease can flare up when you’re around things that cause an allergic reaction. You might get hives, itching, swelling, sneezing, and a runny nose.
Is Vaseline good for eczema?
Petroleum jelly is well tolerated and works well for sensitive skin, which makes it an ideal treatment for eczema flare-ups. Unlike some products that can sting and cause discomfort, petroleum jelly has moisturizing and soothing properties that alleviate irritation, redness, and discomfort.
How serious is dermatitis?
While dermatitis isn’t often serious, scratching hard or too frequently can lead to open sores and infections. Though this can cause infections to spread, they rarely become life threatening. Treatment can help prevent or manage potential flare-ups.
How can I prevent dermatitis?
- Avoid irritants and allergens. …
- Wash your skin. …
- Wear protective clothing or gloves. …
- Apply an iron-on patch to cover metal fasteners next to your skin. …
- Apply a barrier cream or gel. …
- Use moisturizer. …
- Take care around pets.
Is dermatitis and eczema the same?
Dermatitis means inflammation of the skin. Eczema is a term used to describe a group of skin conditions in which the skin is itchy, dry, and inflamed. The terms eczema and dermatitis are often used interchangeably. But “dermatitis” is a broader term that encompasses more than eczema rashes.
Can eczema go away?
Eczema typically develops in early childhood and in a small number of cases spontaneously resolves on its own. For everyone else, eczema is usually a lifelong skin condition. While scientists have yet to find a cure, there are treatments and ways to manage your eczema to minimize flare-ups.
What foods to avoid if you have eczema?
Some common foods that may trigger an eczema flare-up and could be removed from a diet include:
- citrus fruits.
- gluten or wheat.
- spices, such as vanilla, cloves, and cinnamon.
- some types of nuts.
What are the 7 different types of eczema?
There are seven different types of eczema:
- Atopic dermatitis.
- Contact dermatitis.
- Dyshidrotic eczema.
- Nummular eczema.
- Seborrheic dermatitis.
- Stasis dermatitis.