What chemicals can cause contact dermatitis?

What is the most common cause of contact dermatitis?

Nickel, chrome, and mercury are the most common metals that cause contact dermatitis: Nickel is found in costume jewelry, and belt buckles. Watches, zippers, snaps, and hooks on clothing may also contain nickel.

Which chemicals can cause dermatitis?

Common causes of irritant contact dermatitis include:

  • Acids.
  • Alkalis like drain cleaners.
  • Body fluids, including urine and saliva.
  • Certain plants, such as poinsettias and peppers.
  • Hair dyes.
  • Nail polish remover or other solvents.
  • Paints and varnishes.
  • Harsh soaps or detergents.

What ingredients cause contact dermatitis?

Although everyone’s skin is different, certain ingredients are more likely to cause irritation than others. The preservatives most likely to cause contact dermatitis are parabens, formaldehyde, formalin, imadazolidinyl urea, isothiazolinone, methylisothiazolinone, and quaternium-15.

Can toxic substances cause dermatitis?

Cumulative toxic dermatitis is often observed on the back of the hands and forearms after exposure of several weeks or months. Repeated skin contact by harmless products can also cause cumulative toxic dermatitis.

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Why do I suddenly have contact dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis is caused by a substance you’re exposed to that irritates your skin or triggers an allergic reaction. The substance could be one of thousands of known allergens and irritants. Some of these substances may cause both irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis.

Can antihistamines help contact dermatitis?

Oral antihistamines may help diminish pruritus caused by allergic contact dermatitis.

What is toxic dermatitis?

Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a life-threatening skin disorder characterized by a blistering and peeling of the skin. This disorder can be caused by a drug reaction—often antibiotics or anticonvulsives.

How do you get rid of contact dermatitis fast?

To help reduce itching and soothe inflamed skin, try these self-care approaches:

  1. Avoid the irritant or allergen. …
  2. Apply an anti-itch cream or lotion to the affected area. …
  3. Take an oral anti-itch drug. …
  4. Apply cool, wet compresses. …
  5. Avoid scratching. …
  6. Soak in a comfortably cool bath. …
  7. Protect your hands.

Where on the body does irritant contact dermatitis most frequently start?

The hands and feet are commonly affected but ICD can occur on the face or elsewhere on the body. If the chemical is in contact with a large area of skin the rash may be extensive.

Can you suddenly become allergic to a skin product?

An allergic skin reaction can start right after you touch something. You can also suddenly become allergic to something that has never bothered you before. So, don’t rule out something you’ve used for years. Keep in mind that your symptoms may not show up for a day or two after you’re exposed.

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What ingredient in soap causes dermatitis?

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) is a detergent that can be found in bar soaps and liquid hand soap. SLS can cause allergic reactions on top of being an irritant, and should therefore not be used by people with sensitive skin or those who are at risk for developing skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis.

What ingredients are not good for sensitive skin?


  • Alcohol. Don’t panic, I’m not talking about your nightly apertif. …
  • Essential Oils. …
  • Fragrance. …
  • Chemical Sunscreens. …
  • Harsh Exfoliants. …
  • Sulfates.

What chemicals can be absorbed through the skin?

Many other materials may also be absorbed through the skin in significant amounts. These include mercury, isocyanates, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), acrylates, and pharmaceutical products such as steroids and nicotine. Table 1 lists some chemicals where dermal uptake can significantly increase body burden.

Can allergic contact dermatitis can develop to a product that you have used for many years?

Whilst it is possible that someone can develop allergic contact dermatitis to something after only using it once, there is often a long history of exposure to or use of a substance before a person becomes allergic to it.

What is industrial dermatitis?

Industrial dermatitis is skin disease primarily caused by the industrial environment. It is the commonest occupational disease in industrialised countries.