Remember with any skin condition, especially acne, knowing the facts can make a big difference in being able to treat the condition. Acne isn’t just common in the United States. It is the most common skin condition, affecting roughly 40 to 50 million individuals annually.
Why is it important to be informed about acne?
Acne is the most common skin disease. … Acne vulgaris is most commonly experienced around puberty, typically of the face, shoulders and chest. Understanding that hormones may have some influence on the cause of acne needs to be considered.
What are the risks of acne vulgaris?
Acne vulgaris was more prevalent in girls under and boys over 14 years of age. Significant risk factors of acne vuglaris included age, skin type (oily, mixed, or neutral skin in comparison with dry skin), insufficient sleep, and cosmetic make-up use.
How do you deal with acne vulgaris?
First-line treatment for moderate acne vulgaris includes a combination of benzoyl peroxide and a topical antibiotic (erythromycin or clindamycin), topical retinoid, or both; benzoyl peroxide, an oral antibiotic, and topical retinoid; or benzoyl peroxide, oral and topical antibiotics, and a topical retinoid.
What is the most important of the four pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying acne vulgaris?
The main underlying cause of acne is a genetic predisposition. In addition, other aggravating factors are recognized. Cosmetic agents and hair pomades may worsen acne. Medications that can promote acne development include steroids, lithium, some antiepileptics, and iodides.
How does acne impact the integumentary system?
Development and Effects of Acne
Sebaceous glands become clogged with sebum, a naturally occurring skin oil, and dead skin cells. Bacteria becomes trapped in these clogged follicles, producing pus and inflammation as the immune system attempts to destroy the bacteria.
What is the connection between acne and puberty Why do teenagers get acne during this transition period?
The main reason teenagers get acne is because their bodies make more androgen hormones during puberty. Once their hormone levels have settled down – typically by their early twenties – acne usually goes away on its own.
What is the main cause of acne vulgaris?
Acne vulgaris is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles are blocked with dead skin cells, bacteria, and oil (sebum). The blocked follicles cause blemishes on the skin, including pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and cysts.
Is acne vulgaris the same as acne?
Acne vulgaris is the common form of acne, characterised by a mixed eruption of inflammatory and non-inflammatory skin lesions (see all the acne types). You may prefer to call acne “pimples”, “spots” or “zits”.
What is the difference between acne and acne vulgaris?
Acne vulgaris is the medical name for common acne — the presence of blackheads, whiteheads, and other types of pimples on the skin. The most common spots for breakouts are the face, chest, shoulders, and back.
When is acne vulgaris most common?
Prognosis for Acne Vulgaris
Acne of any severity usually remits spontaneously by the early to mid 20s, but a substantial minority of patients, usually women, may have acne into their 40s; options for treatment may be limited because of childbearing. Many adults occasionally develop mild, isolated acne lesions.
When does acne vulgaris go away?
The disease typically occurs between the ages of 10 and 30 and usually disappears with age. In adolescence, men are affected more frequently than women, while women suffer more frequently from acne in adulthood than men.
How is acne vulgaris diagnosis?
The diagnosis of acne is based on the history and physical examination. Lesions most commonly develop in areas with the greatest concentration of sebaceous glands, which include the face, neck, chest, upper arms, and back.
What is acne vulgaris PDF?
Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease — rather than a natural part of the life cycle as colloquially viewed — of the pilosebaceous unit (comprising the hair follicle, hair shaft and sebaceous gland) and is among the most common dermatological conditions worldwide.
Which hormone is responsible for acne vulgaris?
Androgens. Androgens represent the most important of all hormones regulating sebum production. As of puberty, androgens stimulate sebum production and acne formation in both sexes. This androgen-dependent secretion of sebum is mediated by potent androgens such as testosterone and DHT and likewise with weaker androgens.